poster for 2005 Beethoven: Center of Gravity 1
× Disc 1 of the series frames Beethoven in the context of his Classical predecessors. Franz Joseph Haydn, the father of the Classical style, served as Beethoven’s teacher upon the younger composer’s move to Vienna. But while it was Haydn’s tutelage that directly influenced him, Beethoven’s true spiritual mentor was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Salzburg’s wunderkind who died shortly before Beethoven left Bonn. Haydn’s Piano Trio and Mozart’s Horn Quintet illustrate the Classical values of balance and form, which Beethoven took to new heights with such chamber works from the first decade of the 19th century as his Piano Trio in E-flat Major, op. 70, no. 2.